Hornbeam, also called (Carpinus betulus), is a deciduous tree and is native to southern parts of the UK, but is commonly planted in other places. You will find it growing in oak woodland where it is usually pollarded or coppiced shedsfirst .
Recognizing a Hornbeam Tree
A complete grown hornbeam will live for as much as 350 years (if pollarded or coppiced) and can grow up to 30m tall. The common beech is often confused for the hornbeam. Leaf buds are much like beech buds, just a little bit shorter, with a slight curve at the tips. They are smaller sized and more furrowed compared to beech; they likewise turn from yellow to orange throughout fall prior to the fall.
Hornbeam has a monoecious reproductive system, meaning that the male and female flowers (catkins) are located within the exact same tree. Once they have been pollinated, typically by wind, they develop into paper thin fruits with wings; these are known as samaras.
Significance to Wildlife
The hornbeam does not shed its leaves and provides throughout the year shelter for birds, in addition to roosting and foraging chances.
The leaves are normally eaten by caterpillars of moths such as the nut tree tussock. Small mammals will consume the seeds during autumn, together with little birds like tits and finches.
Myths and Legends
It was thought that a tonic made from the tree helpful for curing drowsiness and fatigue. The leaves were likewise utilized to recover injuries. The timber has a speckled grain and is cream to white in colour. You'll discover this wood is extremely strong and long lasting, and has lots of usages for making floor covering and furniture.
Historically it was used for making ox-yokes (this is a wooden beam that gets fitted on the shoulders of an ox so it could pull carts along), in addition to slicing blocks for butchers and parts for water and wind mills. It was likewise used making poles from pollarded and coppiced trees.
The wood burs very well and is typically made use of to make charcoal and firewood.
Dangers, Pests and Diseases
Similar to many trees, the hornbeam can be vulnerable to some fungal diseases, specifically Phytophthora. Grey squirrels can likewise cause damage to trees by removing the bark.